RAC Guide to Driving Abroad

One in three motorists surveyed by RAC are gearing up to drive in Europe this year, but research from the motoring organisation reveals that many don’t have a clue what it will cost to drive abroad or what to do when it all goes wrong.

35% of motorists surveyed have no idea what to do if they are involved in an accident and only a third know the correct number for the emergency services in Europe.

The research also revealed that nearly one in ten motorists have been involved in an accident whilst driving in Europe and 12% have broken down.

A common misconception is that fuel is cheaper in Europe. Almost half of motorists (48%) mistakenly believe that petrol is cheaper on the continent but in four of the five most popular European driving destinations – France, Germany, Italy and Belgium – unleaded petrol is up to 23 cents more expensive per litre. This could potentially affect motorists’ fuel budgets by up to €58 (approx £50) based an average family car doing a 2,000 mile round trip.

Here is RAC’s road trip guide to Europe’s five most popular driving destinations which is a good starting point:

UK

Maximum motorway speed limit = 70 mph (112km/h)

Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = equiv €1.16 unleaded €1.22 diesel

France

Maximum motorway speed limit = 130 km/h (110 km/h when wet) (80 mph/68mph)
Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = €1.25 unleaded €1.00 diesel
Compulsory materials = Headlamp converters, A warning triangle, Reflective jacket
Lesser known driving laws*** = To drive in France you must be 18 years old. Speeding can result in costly, on the spot fines and confiscation of your vehicle and licence.
Speed camera detectors are illegal in France whether in use or not.

Germany

Maximum motorway speed limit = none unless shown but 130 km/h recommended (80mph)
Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = €1.29 unleaded €1.03 diesel
Compulsory materials = A warning triangle, Headlamp converters, First aid kit
Lesser known driving laws*** = To drive in Germany you must be 18 years old.
It is a legal requirement to report all road incidents to the police, however minor.

Italy

Maximum motorway speed limit = 130 km/h (80mph)
Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = €1.29 unleaded €1.08 diesel
Compulsory materials = A warning triangle, Headlamp converters, Reflective jacket
Lesser known driving laws*** = You must use dipped headlights during the day while travelling on motorways and major roads outside cities.
Horns are widely used in Italy to warn other motorists of your approach, but are banned in built-up areas.

Spain

Maximum motorway speed limit = 120 km/h (75 mph)
Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = €1.02 unleaded €0.90 diesel
Compulsory materials = A warning triangle, Headlamp converters, Reflective jacket, Spare bulbs plus tools to fit them, Spare pair of glasses,
Lesser known driving laws*** = It is a legal requirement for motorists travelling in Spain to carry two red warning triangles to be placed, in the event of an accident or breakdown, in front of and behind the vehicle. No children under the age of twelve should be in the front seat. If you wear prescription glasses, it is compulsory to carry a second pair in the car with you.

Belgium

Maximum motorway speed limit = 120 km/h (75 mph)
Fuel prices (€ per litre)** = €1.39 unleaded €1.06 diesel
Compulsory materials = A warning triangle, Headlamp converters, A fire extinguisher
Lesser known driving laws*** = Drivers must give priority to vehicles joining a road from the right, except on motorways, roundabouts or on roads sign-posted with an orange diamond on a white background. Trams have priority over other traffic.

UK equivalent fuel price per litre as of 24 June – €1.16 unleaded €1.22 diesel
**source Karzoo.eu 24 June 2009
*** source rac.co.uk/FCO

And the RAC have collected some opinions on European Driving Styles

– A fifth of UK drivers polled fear dangerous road manoeuvres when driving in Italy and over a quarter claim to have experienced the highest levels of road rage there. The research also identified Italy as the undertaking capital of Europe with 14% of respondents saying they see ‘much more undertaking’ than at home.

– Spanish motorists are most likely to scare Brits with their overtaking, just ahead of Italy, and more excessive beeping and tooting on the country’s roads, according to the research. Nearly a third of respondents who had driven in Spain in the past, noticed increased use of the car horn there.

– Germany is where motorists report the fewest incidences of driving too close (only 7% in comparison to 17% in Italy), the fewest dangerous manoeuvres and the highest levels of courtesy.
RAC research showed that motorists looking for a more sedate drive should also head to Belgium where over a quarter of respondents see much less flouting of road rules such as undertaking.

Despite negative connotations of driving styles, there is a lot of love for European roads. 51% of those surveyed would like to see the superior road quality seen in Europe echoed here. Likewise, 35% identified that there are fewer cars on European roads and 44% would like to see similarly reduced traffic in the UK. A third of motorists would also like to see better picnic and rest areas in line with those on the continent.

For more advice on driving abroad visit www.rac.co.uk or call 0800 015 600.